Individuals who suffer from ADHD often have difficulty functioning in social, academic and occupational environments. They may struggle to follow directions, remember information, concentrate, organise tasks or complete work within time limits. Adult ADHD was first observed in , and first included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a condition distinct from the childhood disorder in In , less than 0. This represents a rate of 7 per 10, adults and highlights the significant under-diagnosis of the disorder. It is interesting to note that the adult condition is equally prevalent in men and women.
ADHD Weekly Join the discussion. Primary care physicians faced with diagnosing and treating patients with ADHD must make informed decisions about the most effective and relevant assessment and monitoring tools for their patients. Some focus on ADHD-specific symptoms, others assess a variety of behavioral symptoms.
For almost 50 years, ADHD rating scales have been used to help screen, evaluate, and monitor the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD in children and adults. Rating scales are considered essential for ADHD diagnosis in children. Many different types of scales are available.
The Conners Rating Scales are used as a general screening tool for the detection of problematic behaviors, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD symptoms in particular, in children and, more recently, in adults. Rating scales and symptom checklists provide an effective, quick, and standard approach to the measurement of problematic behaviors observed in children. The Conners rating scales were initially developed as comprehensive checklists of basic presenting problems of children. A re-standardization took place in the late s, which was designed to provide a stronger empirical base and a more narrowed focus of common behavioral problems in childhood.