Humans have been impressed by elephants for centuries, simply because they are so big—a male African elephant can weigh up to 7. They also amaze us with their long and flexible noses, large and flapping ears, and loose, wrinkly skin. Elephants are one of the best-known animals in the world. If all elephants seem the same to you, take a closer look.
We receive a small percentage of sales made through them at no extra cost to the reader. For more information see our privacy page. Elephants are herbivores, meaning they only eat plants, but what do elephants eat exactly? Other large herbivores tend to specialize as either grazers grass eaters or browsers parts of woody plants , but elephants do both. The proportions of grass or browse they consume depends on the season and habitat. Generally speaking, elephants eat more grass during the early wet season, then rely more on browse for the rest of the year.
As climate change impacts habitats around the world, species are on the move, trying to adapt — and survive. Asian elephants are the largest mammals in Asia. Related females form herds around one matriarch and live in tropical and subtropical forests.
Acta Theriologica. Owing to landclearing and human expansion, Asian elephant Elephas maximus Linnaeus, is declining throughout its range. In lowland Nepal, the species now only occurs in small remnant populations, shared with India.