The Russian Federation has made progress over the last decade in improving the quality of life of its citizens, despite lower than average scores in some topics on the Better Life Index. The Russian Federation ranks above the average in education and skills, and work-life balance but below average in the dimensions of subjective well-being, income and wealth, jobs and earnings, personal security, environmental quality, housing, civic engagement, social connections, and health status. These rankings are based on available selected data. Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. Life expectancy for women is 77 years, compared with 67 for men.
The government increased its crackdown on political opposition and other critics before and after presidential elections that Vladimir Putin won, and that lacked real competition. Authorities continued to stifle critical voices, particularly online, through criminal prosecutions on extremism charges. In November, the European Court of Human Rights ECtHR , amongst other violations, found that the repeated arrests of opposition figure Alexei Navalny were unlawful and for the purpose of suppressing political pluralism. The Kremlin did not stop authorities in Chechnya from threatening and imprisoning human rights defenders. The decriminalization of first battery offenses within the family weakened protections for survivors of domestic violence.
Yet few officials opposed the measure. President Vladimir Putin signed off on the bill after the lower house of the Russian parliament, the Duma, overwhelmingly approved it by a vote of to 3. The new law recategorized the crime of violence against family members: Abuse that does not result in broken bones, and does not occur more than once a year, is no longer punishable by long prison sentences.
To know characteristics of a modern Russian woman, one may address the Russian history, the features of the Russian mentality, the Russian literature and art, the features of the Russian life. However, there is always a probability to roll down to generalizations and declarations of stereotypes. There is an opinion, that the the Russian women are kinder, easy, attentive, more thoughtful, more focused on a family than the representatives of other nations. It is certainly so, however one should remember, that every woman is a bright individuality and the orientation exclusively on stereotypes can be a mistake.